Types of Diabetes

Diabetes leads to high blood glucose levels but there are different types of this disease. In this section, you will read about these different types of diabetes and how the treatments may differ.

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

There are important differences between type 1 diabetes (~5% of persons) and type 2 diabetes (90-95% of persons). Other types, such as unusual genetic forms of diabetes, also exist. Diagnosing the type of diabetes is important for appropriate medical treatment.   Type...

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Prediabetes

There are three ways of diagnosing prediabetes: People who have high blood glucose after not eating for at least 8 hours have “impaired fasting glucose.” After fasting for 8 hours, a healthy person’s blood glucose levels are usually less than 100 mg/dl. A person with...

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Gestational Diabetes

Every year, 1 in 10 expectant mothers develop “gestational” diabetes, a disease that appears specifically for the first time during pregnancy. Though the condition usually resolves after the baby is born, women who develop gestational diabetes are at increased risk of...

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Steroid-Induced Diabetes

About 1 in every 10 hospitalized patients is treated with a steroid-containing drug such as hydrocortisone or prednisone. These drugs are excellent at reducing inflammation and suppressing the immune system, but they can also result in high blood glucose levels or,...

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Poll of the Month

Which celebrity did you NOT know has diabetes?