Oral Medications and Non-Insulin Injectables

There are many oral medicines (pills) and non-insulin injections that lower blood glucose in Type 2 diabetes.

Metformin

Who? Metformin is a commonly recommended initial medication for patients with type 2 diabetes who have mild to moderately uncontrolled blood glucose. In addition, it is sometimes used to prevent diabetes in patients who are at risk of developing the disease. On...

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Sulfonylureas and Meglitinides

Who? Sulfonylureas and meglitinides are recommended for persons with type 2 diabetes who have poorly controlled blood glucose levels. On average, most patients find that their Hb A1c levels drop by 1 to 2% on these medications. What? Oral tablets - sulfonylureas...

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DPP-IV Inhibitors

Who? DPP-IV inhibitors are recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes who have poorly controlled blood glucose and high Hb A1c levels. On average, most patients find that their A1c levels drop by 0.5-1.0% on these medications. What? Oral tablets A few types of...

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GLP-1 Agonists

Who? GLP-1 agonists, also known as incretin mimetics, are recommended for persons with type 2 diabetes who have poorly controlled blood glucose and high Hb A1c levels. On average, most patients find that their HbA1c levels drop by as much as 0.5-1.5% on these...

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Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors

Who? Alpha glucosidase inhibitors are recommended for persons with type 2 diabetes who have poorly controlled blood glucose despite using other diabetic medications. These are typically not first-line, but can be used in special situations. On average, most patients...

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Thiazolidinediones

Who? Thiazolidinediones are recommended for persons with type 2 diabetes who have poorly controlled blood glucose and high Hb A1c levels.   What? Oral tablet -┬áThere are two types of thiazolidinediones that are currently available: Pioglitazone (marketed as...

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SGLT2 Inhibitors

  Who? Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a relatively new class of drugs recommended for persons with type 2 diabetes who have poorly controlled blood glucose and high HbA1c levels. What? Taken as an oral tablet. There are three types of...

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Complementary and Alternative Treatments for Diabetes

Traditional or natural remedies are often called complementary and alternative medicines. These remedies often consist of herbs, vitamins, or trace elements. While complementary and alternative therapies for diabetes are quite common and in some cases have been used...

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Poll of the Month

Which celebrity did you NOT know has diabetes?